Prehistorically Caves like Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Bhubaneshwar Odisha narrate the untold stories of the Jain Religion and its existence in the era of 2nd and 3rd centuries. The rock carvings and the sculptures are probably of the Kharvela period. I went through the small trek to the top of the hill from where the views of the caves and the city of Bhubaneshwar were picturesque. The art work of the artisans is simply commendable and the talk of appraisal. Photo enthusiast like me could not resist taking few clicks of the marvelous caves. It’s a must visit place for the history lovers and I was fortunate enough to grab the opportunity. This archeological masterpiece is easy accessible through local taxis of the city.
Udayagiri and khandagiri literary mean ‘Hills of Sunrise’ and ‘Broken Hills’ respectively. The hills are separated by a highway. The height of the interior is quiet low for an average height person to stand erectly. There are several cells owned by several monks in the earl period.
Udaygiri is the right hill with 18 caves in numbers accessible by little flight of steps. Rani Gumpa currently known as Queens Cave is the first cave of Udayagiri caves followed by Cave 2 Chota Hathi Gumpa, Cave 4 Alaka Puri Gumpa, Cave 5 Jaya Vijaya Gumpa, Cave 9 Manchapuri and Swargapuri, Cave 10 Ganesh Gumpa and Cave 12 Bagh Gumpa or Tiger cave. All of the caves are well-sculpted with inscriptions and postures of the ancient entities.
The caves on the left of the track are Khandagiri Caves after travelling for few meters in the track I could see Cave 1 and cave 2 generally known as Parrot caves or Tatowa Gumpha. Cave 2 is better decorated and spacious to accommodate good numbers of visitors. Cave 3 also known as Snake Cave and depicts the twin figures of the serpents on the doorway. The temple is the enshrined site of old tirthankars and provides beautiful views of the place. After spending few hours to the interesting place like Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Bhubaneshwar Odisha it was the time to move on further for a renowned temple of Bhubaneshwar.