After a quick lunch at the hotel and a short nap, I took a cab to visit the Lower Lake in Bhopal. The Bhoj Wetland comprises of the Lower Lake and the Upper Lake. This lake was built with the
intention of beautifying the city in 1794. During that time many wells were merged in the lake as well changing the total landscape of the area. A minister of the then Nawab Hayat Muhammad Khan
Bahadur, Chote Khan had commissioned the construction of the lake. It was a huge lake and one of the most important in the city apart from the Upper Lake, which was to the west of the Lower
The environment in and around the Lake area was not desirable though. A large number of sewage pipes drained into the lake. As the lake was stagnant and its only source of water was through seepage from the Upper Lake, the situation aggravated. The whole lake was subject to eutrophication and was unsuitable for any kind of aquatic life. The water was no longer fit for drinking. The local authorities have taken a few steps but a lot still needs to be done to preserve this lake. Local environmental activists have been protesting for quite some time against the washing of clothes for commercial purposes taking place in the lake waters. Their protests have fallen to deaf ears till now.
The Lower Lake, Bhopal has a huge area of water surface. The total catchment area of the lake is 9.6 km². Once upon a time this lake was very beautiful but now human action has destroyed it. The drainage of the sewage into the lake waters has led to deposition of silt on the bed of the lake. The depth of the lake has decreased in recent years. I was a bit saddened by the present condition of the lake. It is a pity that human beings have not been able to preserve the beauty of nature. It was time for me to return to the hotel for the day. In the evening, I visited a few local markets to do some shopping for my family members. The next day was exciting because of the visit to the Van Vihar National Park.